[USACO11JAN]Roads and Planes G

题意翻译

### 题面描述 Farmer John 正在一个新的销售区域对他的牛奶销售方案进行调查。他想把牛奶送到 $T$ 个城镇 ( $1 \le T \le 25,000$ ),编号为 $1$ 到 $T$ 。这些城镇之间通过 $R$ 条道路 ( $1 \le R \le 50,000$ ,编号为 $1$ 到 $R$ ) 和 $P$ 条航线 ( $1 \le P \le 50,000$ ,编号为 $1$ 到 $P$ ) 连接。每条道路 $i$ 或者航线 $i$ 连接城镇 $A_i$ ( $1 \le A_i \le T$ )到 $B_i$ ( $1 \le B_i \le T$ ),花费为 $C_i$ 。 对于道路 $0 \le C_i \le 10,000$ ;然而航线的花费很神奇,花费 $C_i$ 可能是负数( $-10,000 \le C_i \le 10,000$ )。道路是双向的,可以从 $A_i$ 到 $B_i$,也可以从 $B_i$ 到 $A_i$ ,花费都是 $C_i$ 。然而航线与之不同,只可以从 $A_i$ 到 $B_i$ 。 事实上,由于最近恐怖主义太嚣张,为了社会和谐,出台 了一些政策保证:如果有一条航线可以从 $A_i$ 到 $B_i$,那么保证不可能通过一些道路和航线从 $B_i$ 回到 $A_i$ 。由于 $FJ$ 的奶牛世界公认十分给力,他需要运送奶牛到每一个城镇。他想找到从发送中心城镇 $S$ ( $1 \le S \le T$) 把奶牛送到每个城镇的最便宜的方案,或者知道这是不可能的。 ### 输入格式 共 $R+P+1$ 行 第 $1$ 行:四个整数 $T$ , $R$ , $P$ 和 $S$ ,分别表示城镇的数量,道路的数量,航线的数量和中心城镇。 第 $2$ 到 $R+1$ 行:每行三个整数 $A_i$ , $B_i$ 和 $C_i$ ,描述一条道路。 第 $R+2$ 到 $R+P+1$ 行:每行三个整数 $A_i$ , $B_i$ 和 $C_i$ ,描述一条航线。 ### 输出格式 共 $T$ 行,第 $i$ 行输出城市 $S$ 到城市 $i$ 的最小花费。如果不能到达,输出`NO PATH`

题目描述

Farmer John is conducting research for a new milk contract in a new territory. He intends to distribute milk to T (1 <= T <= 25,000) towns conveniently numbered 1..T which are connected by up to R (1 <= R <= 50,000) roads conveniently numbered 1..R and/or P (1 <= P <= 50,000) airplane flights conveniently numbered 1..P. Either road i or plane i connects town A\_i (1 <= A\_i <= T) to town B\_i (1 <= B\_i <= T) with traversal cost C\_i. For roads, 0 <= C\_i <= 10,000; however, due to the strange finances of the airlines, the cost for planes can be quite negative (-10,000 <= C\_i <= 10,000). Roads are bidirectional and can be traversed from A\_i to B\_i or B\_i to A\_i for the same cost; the cost of a road must be non-negative. Planes, however, can only be used in the direction from A\_i to B\_i specified in the input. In fact, if there is a plane from A\_i to B\_i it is guaranteed that there is no way to return from B\_i to A\_i with any sequence of roads and planes due to recent antiterror regulation. Farmer John is known around the world as the source of the world's finest dairy cows. He has in fact received orders for his cows from every single town. He therefore wants to find the cheapest price for delivery to each town from his distribution center in town S (1 <= S <= T) or to know that it is not possible if this is the case. MEMORY LIMIT: 64MB

输入输出格式

输入格式


\* Line 1: Four space separated integers: T, R, P, and S \* Lines 2..R+1: Three space separated integers describing a road: A\_i, B\_i and C\_i \* Lines R+2..R+P+1: Three space separated integers describing a plane: A\_i, B\_i and C\_i

输出格式


\* Lines 1..T: The minimum cost to get from town S to town i, or 'NO PATH' if this is not possible

输入输出样例

输入样例 #1

6 3 3 4 
1 2 5 
3 4 5 
5 6 10 
3 5 -100 
4 6 -100 
1 3 -10 

输出样例 #1

NO PATH 
NO PATH 
5 
0 
-95 
-100 

说明

6 towns. There are roads between town 1 and town 2, town 3 and town 4, and town 5 and town 6 with costs 5, 5 and 10; there are planes from town 3 to town 5, from town 4 to town 6, and from town 1 to town 3 with costs -100, - 100 and -10. FJ is based in town 4. FJ's cows begin at town 4, and can get to town 3 on the road. They can get to towns 5 and 6 using planes from towns 3 and 4. However, there is no way to get to towns 1 and 2, since they cannot go backwards on the plane from 1 to 3.